Global Standards for the Microelectronics Industry
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PROCEDURE FOR THE EVALUATION OF LOW-k/METAL INTER/INTRA-LEVEL DIELECTRIC INTEGRITY
This document is intended for use in the semiconductor IC manufacturing industry and provides reliability characterization techniques for low-k inter/intra level dielectrics (ILD) for the evaluation and control of ILD processes. It describes procedures developed for estimating the general integrity of back end-of-line (BEOL) ILD. Two basic test procedures are described, the Voltage-Ramp Dielectric Breakdown (VRDB) test, and the Constant Voltage Time-Dependent Dielectric Breakdown stress (CVS). Each test is designed for different reliability and process evaluation purposes. This document also describes robust techniques to detect breakdown and TDDB data analysis.